United Nations REDD+ Programme
It has been recognized that human induced climate change may affect the world in different ways and at different levels. As a response to climate change, international action was initiated at the Earth Summit in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil in 1992, which focused on sustainable development. At the summit three (3) conventions related to environment and natural resource management were passed.
REDD-plus (Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and forest Degradation in developing countries, and the role of conservation, sustainable management of forests and enhancement of forest carbon stocks in developing countries’) originates from a proposal by Papua New Guinea and Costa Rica in 2005 to include reduced emissions from deforestation and forest degradation in the potential scope of the post- 2012 climate change regime.
Need for REDD-plus in Zambia
The country’s forest cover is estimated at 49.9 million hectares or 66% of the total land over of Zambia (ILUA Report, 2008). However, currently loses about 250,000- 300, 000 hectares of forests per year
The potential for increased carbon sequestration from the terrestrial forests in Zambia is generally high due to high total growing stock of the forests and potential for reducing emission from forests (ILUA 2008). Therefore, Zambia can contribute to global mitigation action against Green House Gases as well as benefit from the REDD-plus initiative through investments and support livelihoods of local communities.
Zambia REDD-PLUS Process
UN-REDD PROGRAMME is a United Nations collaborative Programme supporting countries to be ready for the post 2012 Kyoto Protocol climate regime. The Readiness process in Zambia is being supported by three (3) UN Agencies delivering as one. The United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) is supporting the capacity development component;
Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) is supporting the development of the Measurement, Reporting and Verification (MRV) system; and United Nations Environmental Programme (UNEP) is supporting communication process.
The REDD-plus readiness and implementation is a multi- sectoral programme and the implementation framework was agreed during a stakeholder meeting held in May 2009.
Land Cover Mapping
The programme has completed Land cover mapping for 1990, 2000 and 2010. Forestry Department, National Remote Sensing Centre, Surveyor General and Regional Center for Mapping of Resources for Development worked together.
Provide accurate measure for GHG inventory, Land Cover Change, Setting the Reference Emission Level and enhancement of forest inventory results
Forest Monitoring System
Eleven (11) Geographical Information System (GIS) Units set-up in all the provinces and 1 at Headquarters in Lusaka. Study on Carbon Stock Assessment for Zambia completed showing the different levels of carbon stocking in the forest types MRV system and Web portal for easy access to information on Zambia being developed.
Forest Inventory in process under ILUA II to collect data for all carbon pools of carbon.
Drivers of Deforestation
Drivers of deforestation study completed highlighting the main causes of deforestation and forest degradation as well as the trend of deforestation. An Economic Evaluation of REDD+ (Opportunity costs) has been completed.
This will help identify options for REDD+ as well as understand the cost of implementing an alternative practice to that which is causing deforestation
Study on Enhancing Private Sector Engagement in REDD+;
Study on Assessing Financing, Incentives and Benefit Sharing Options and Considerations for REDD+;
Development of a Communication Strategy for REDD+
Identification of options for REDD+ in Zambia.