Frequently Asked Questions
What is Climate?
Climate encompasses the statistics of meteorological conditions, that is,temperature, humidity, atmospheric pressure, wind, rainfall, atmospheric particle count and other meteorological elements in a given region over long periods of time (usually 30 years).
What is Climate change?
A change of climate, which is attributed directly or indirectly to human activities that alter the composition of the global atmosphere, and which is additional to natural variability, and observed over comparable periods of time.
What is Climate Resilience
The ability to survive and recover from the effects of climate change.
What is Climate variability?
Variations in the mean state and other statistics (such as standard deviations, the occurrences of extremes, etc) of the climate on temporal and spatial scales beyond that of individual weather events. Variability may be due to natural internal processes within the climate system (internal variability), or to variations in natural or anthropogenic external forcing (external variability).
Why is the PPCR administered in only a few provinces in Zambia and not the whole country? Vunerability of areas and limited funds.
How does the community apply for funding or project? Clearly spell out creyria and eligibility.
What is the difference between a development project and a climate resilient project?
Climate Resilience means the ability to survive and recover from the effects of climate change.
What are the causes of climate change?
There is a scienti?c consensus that concentrations of greenhouse gases in the atmosphere are increasing and that this is causing global climate change. Human-driven emissions of carbon dioxide and other greenhouse gases, as well as land-use change, are the processes primarily responsible for climate change. Emissions of black carbon (soot) may also be contributing to the warming. Emissions of re?ective sulfate aerosols have been associated with a net cooling effect.
Does climate change really affect Zambia?
Research studies conducted suggest that Zambia is vulnerable to current and future climate change and variability. The country has already recorded increases in temperature and reduced rainfall in the last few decades, with temperatures estimated to increase at 0.6oC every ten years.
The frequency of occurrence of extreme events (drought, seasonal floods and flush floods, extreme temperatures and dry spells) along with their intensity and magnitude has also increased, and future scenarios for the period 2010-2070 indicate that temperature will increase further by 2oC and rainfall is projected to decrease by 8-10 percent. Zambia has experienced an increase in drought frequency and intensity in the last 20 years. The droughts of 1991/92, 1994/95 and 1997/98 worsened the quality of life for vulnerable groups such as subsistence farmers.
Who is affected by Climate Change?
Climate change affects everyone; rich, poor, young and old. However, what is most important in these debates is the realization that climate changes impact differently on men and women, rich and poor, on populations living in rich countries, as in Europe and America that are contributing most to the green gas emissions and those living in sub-Saharan African countries, for example, where the majority of the people are struggling to meet their most basic needs for survival.
If everyone has a right to development and it is these development activities that are contributing to climate change, which affects all irrespective of their involvement, then this fundamentally becomes an issue of human rights, gender and climate justice.
The rising temperatures and changes in weather patterns are significantly affecting people living in countries that are so much dependent on the climate for their survival.
Poor people in Africa engaged in subsistence agriculture are most vulnerable to climate change.
Over 80% of labour in the agricultural sector in Africa is provided by women. If the rains fail, their capacity to provide for themselves and their families is substantially reduced.
Changes in climate particularly affect women and people of color, those with low-income households, pastoral and indigenous communities whose capacities to adapt, for example by changing to engage in other economic activities, are very limited. This has consequences – people’s health is affected; their financial burdens increase; and it may trigger social and cultural disruptions.
These poor and vulnerable communities are the first to experience the negative impacts of climate change such as heat-related illness and death, respiratory and other infectious diseases, unaffordable rise in energy costs, and extreme natural disasters.
Not only do they bear disproportionately the burdens of climate change, but they also suffer from ill-designed policies and interventions for the prevention of further climate changes arising from unsustainable approaches to development and the side effects of the energy systems that cause it as well.
Moreover, those who are most affected are least responsible for the increase of the greenhouse gas emissions that cause the problem–both globally and within Africa.
What sectors are affected by climate change the most?
The most affected sectors of society include:
- Water resources
- Food production
- Energy use
- Other effects
While some of these effects could be beneficial, particularly in the short term, many of the impacts could be costly, far-reaching, and damaging to local communities and society as a whole in the long term.
Changing weather patterns affect both the amount and quality of water resources available for drinking, irrigation, fish farming, power generation, shipping, recreation, and other uses.
Rising temperatures are already decreasing the size of snowpack in certain parts of the world.
Over time, this reduced snowpack could affect seasonal water supplies in regions that depend on this source of water.
Droughts can have similar effects in areas where water supplies are already scarce.
In addition, floods and severe storms—which will become more frequent because of climate change—can compromise the quality of water supplies by washing chemicals and other contaminants into lakes, rivers, and streams.
A changing climate will affect farming, ranching, and fishing. Some of these effects will be positive, and others will be negative, depending on the region and the type of food being produced.
Higher temperatures will mean a longer growing season in cooler regions.
This could allow farmers to diversify crops or have multiple harvests from the same plot. In warmer regions, however, temperatures might become too high for certain crops to grow.
In addition to rising temperatures, changing precipitation patterns and extreme weather events will also affect crops.
High temperatures and extreme weather can also stress livestock, causing some animals to become sick or die.
Fisheries could see losses as well, particularly for fish that require cold or cool water, such as salmon
Energy Use and Supply
Climate change is likely to affect the amount of energy used to heat buildings in the winter, as well as the amount of energy used to cool them in the summer.
As average temperatures rise, some areas will require more energy to cool buildings but less energy to heat them.
Increased demand for air conditioning could stress the capacity of power plants, transmission grids, and distribution systems, causing brownouts or power outages during heat waves.
Because power plants also use large amounts of water, facilities located in areas where water supplies are expected to be scarce could experience operational difficulties
Changing climate conditions can also lead to other economic costs. For example, heat waves, decreased snowfall, and changing wildlife habitats could adversely affect some types of sporting and outdoor activities, including hunting, fishing, skiing, camping, and tourism.
Larger and more intense storms, wildfires, and floods could damage infrastructure such as roads, railways, airports, power grids, water supply systems, and sewers, resulting in expensive repair costs.
Although climate change will affect all nations, some will feel the effects more acutely than others. Developing countries tend to have fewer resources, and thus extreme weather events, food shortages, and water shortages can lead to social disruption, instability, and conflict in these.